The graph below illustrates the strengths and weaknesses of Croatia’s R&I system. Reading clockwise, it provides information on human resources, scientific production, technology valorisation and innovation. Average annual growth rates from 2000 to the latest available year are given in brackets.
This graph shows that Croatia is lagging behind the EU average on most key research and innovation indicators but it is doing well or better than several other Member States and Associated Countries with a similar knowledge and economic structure. Croatia is performing above the EU average in attracting business R&D from abroad, although this is also linked to the low total business R&D in the country. Croatia faces a particular challenge in improving private-public cooperation and in valorising and commercialising research generated by publicly funded institutes. Human capital building in S&T is below the EU average.
Croatia still has a large scientific diaspora. The lack of attractive research infrastructures and good research management is leading to a further increase in brain drain. The MSES and the Agency for Mobility have, however, stepped up efforts on human capital building by actively supporting the principles of the European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for Recruitment of Researchers. In total, nine Croatian institutes have been accredited for HR excellence in research. Croatia is participating in the work of the Steering Group on Human Resources and Mobility (SGHRM). The Croatian Researchers Mobility Portal was launched in 2009.